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Fat distribution and body type

Fat distribution and body type

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The complex interaction between obesity, metabolic syndrome and reproductive axis: a narrative review. Download references. We gratefully acknowledge the efforts of the Lanxi Municipal Government and Lanxi Municipal Bureau of Health and the support of staff and physicians of Lanxi Red Cross Hospital in the field surveys.

This work was supported by grants from the Cyrus Tang Foundation [] and the China Medical Board Collaborating Program [12— and 15—]. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. SN and SZ designed the study.

SN analyzed the data. SN and MJ drafted the manuscript. SN, MJ, XW, YH, XZ, LZ, YR, FY and SZ contributed to the discussion and the interpretation of data and results as well as revised the manuscript. SZ supervised the study. All the authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Shankuan Zhu. The Lanxi Cohort Study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Zhejiang University School of Public Health.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Reprints and permissions. Ni, S. et al. Associations of eating speed with fat distribution and body shape vary in different age groups and obesity status.

Nutr Metab Lond 19 , 63 Download citation. Received : 11 April Accepted : 01 September Published : 13 September Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:.

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative. Skip to main content. Search all BMC articles Search. Download PDF. Download ePub. Abstract Background Eating speed has been reported to be associated with energy intake, body weight, waist circumference WC , and total body fat.

Methods participants aged 18—80 years were recruited from the baseline survey of the Lanxi Cohort Study. Background The increasing global incidence of obesity has become a recognized public health problem, which results in a heightened risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, gallbladder disease, and other disorders [ 1 , 2 ].

Methods Participants A total of 5 participants aged 18—80 years were recruited from the baseline survey of the Lanxi Cohort Study, which was conducted in urban and rural areas of Lanxi, Zhejiang Province, China, from June to August Data collection Participants were interviewed face-to-face by trained investigators to complete the questionnaires about demographic characteristics age, sex, marital status and education level , lifestyle factors smoking, drinking, type of meal, physical activity, and sleep quality and medical history.

Statistical analyses Variables are presented as means and standard deviations for continuous variables and as counts and percentages for categorical variables.

Table 3 Associations between eating speed and body fat distribution among different age groups Full size table. Table 4 Associations between eating speed and body fat distribution among different obesity status Full size table.

Discussion This study found that eating speed was closely associated with body shape and fat distribution among Chinese adults.

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In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Updated by: Frank D. Brodkey, MD, FCCM, Associate Professor, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI. Also reviewed by David C.

Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A. Editorial team. Aging changes in body shape. Some things you can do to reduce age-related body changes are: Get regular exercise.

Eat a healthy diet that includes fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and the right amounts of healthy fats. Limit your alcohol use. Avoid tobacco products and illicit drugs.

We may not appreciate body Improve blood circulation, especially when it accumulates in Elevated fat-burning efficiency areas ttype our bosy or thighs. Distributio the matrix of Fat distribution and body type fat, also called distrbution tissue, there Fat distribution and body type not only fat cells distributin nerve and immune cells and connective tissue. Macrophages, neutrophils, and eosinophils are some of the immune cells found in fat tissue that play a role in inflammation—both anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory. Fat cells also secrete proteins and build enzymes involved with immune function and the creation of steroid hormones. Fat cells can grow in size and number. The amount of fat cells in our bodies is determined soon after birth and during adolescence, and tends to be stable throughout adulthood if weight remains fairly stable. Android Typd distribution describes the distribution of human adipose tissue mainly around distribuution trunk and upper bodh, in areas such as the abdomen, chest, shoulder and nape Fat distribution and body type the neck. Thus, the android fat distribution Pure Guarana Supplement BCAA supplements for reducing muscle fatigue Stress reduction and blood pressure about Generally, distrlbution early adulthood, females tend to have a more peripheral fat distribution such that their fat is evenly distributed over their body. However, it has been found that as females age, bear children and approach menopause, this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution, [3] resulting in a Jean Vague, a physician from Marseilles, France, was one of the first individuals to bring to attention the increased risk of developing certain diseases e. Android fat is readily mobilized by deficits in energy balance. It is stored in different depots to gynoid fat.

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