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Managing diabetes effectively

Managing diabetes effectively

Diabetes Care Managing diabetes effectively S4. A person can speak with effectivelt doctor to discuss the best treatment options for type 2 diabetes. Blood vessel narrowing makes your heart work harder.

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: Managing diabetes effectively

Living Well With Diabetes

Why is it important? What is the A1C goal? B for Blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the wall of your blood vessels. What is the blood pressure goal? C for Cholesterol ko-LESS-tuh-ruhl. There are two kinds of cholesterol in your blood: LDL and HDL. What are the LDL and HDL goals?

Actions you can take Ask your health care team: what your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol numbers are and what they should be. Your ABC goals will depend on how long you have had diabetes, other health problems, and how hard your diabetes is to manage.

what you can do to reach your ABC goals Write down your numbers on the record at the back of this booklet to track your progress. Step 3: Learn how to live with diabetes. Cope with your diabetes. Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress.

Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, or listening to your favorite music. Ask for help if you feel down. A mental health counselor, support group, member of the clergy, friend, or family member who will listen to your concerns may help you feel better.

Eat well. Make a diabetes meal plan with help from your health care team. Choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt. Eat foods with more fiber, such as whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta.

Choose foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, bread and cereals, and low-fat or skim milk and cheese. Drink water instead of juice and regular soda. When eating a meal, fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables, one quarter with a lean protein, such as beans, or chicken or turkey without the skin, and one quarter with a whole grain, such as brown rice or whole wheat pasta.

Be active. Set a goal to be more active most days of the week. Start slow by taking 10 minute walks, 3 times a day. Twice a week, work to increase your muscle strength. Use stretch bands, do yoga, heavy gardening digging and planting with tools , or try push-ups. Stay at or get to a healthy weight by using your meal plan and moving more.

Know what to do every day. Take your medicines for diabetes and any other health problems even when you feel good. Ask your doctor if you need aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke. Tell your doctor if you cannot afford your medicines or if you have any side effects. Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling.

Call your health care team right away about any sores that do not go away. Brush your teeth and floss every day to keep your mouth, teeth, and gums healthy. Stop smoking.

Ask for help to quit. Call QUITNOW Keep track of your blood sugar. You may want to check it one or more times a day. Use the card at the back of this booklet to keep a record of your blood sugar numbers. Be sure to talk about it with your health care team. Check your blood pressure if your doctor advises and keep a record of it.

Talk to your health care team. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about your diabetes. Report any changes in your health. Actions you can take Ask for a healthy meal plan. Ask about ways to be more active. Different types of insulin vary on how quickly they begin to work and how long they have an effect.

Long-acting insulin, for example, is designed to work overnight or throughout the day to keep blood sugar levels stable. Short-acting insulin generally is used at mealtime.

Your health care provider will determine what type of insulin is right for you and when you should take it. Your insulin type, dosage and schedule may change depending on how stable your blood sugar levels are.

Most types of insulin are taken by injection. Side effects of insulin include the risk of low blood sugar — a condition called hypoglycemia — diabetic ketoacidosis and high triglycerides.

Weight-loss surgery changes the shape and function of the digestive system. This surgery may help you lose weight and manage type 2 diabetes and other conditions related to obesity.

There are several surgical procedures. All of them help people lose weight by limiting how much food they can eat. Some procedures also limit the amount of nutrients the body can absorb. Weight-loss surgery is only one part of an overall treatment plan.

Treatment also includes diet and nutritional supplement guidelines, exercise and mental health care. Generally, weight-loss surgery may be an option for adults living with type 2 diabetes who have a body mass index BMI of 35 or higher.

BMI is a formula that uses weight and height to estimate body fat. Depending on the severity of diabetes or the presence of other medical conditions, surgery may be an option for someone with a BMI lower than Weight-loss surgery requires a lifelong commitment to lifestyle changes.

Long-term side effects may include nutritional deficiencies and osteoporosis. People living with type 2 diabetes often need to change their treatment plan during pregnancy and follow a diet that controls carbohydrates. Many people need insulin therapy during pregnancy.

They also may need to stop other treatments, such as blood pressure medicines. There is an increased risk during pregnancy of developing a condition that affects the eyes called diabetic retinopathy. In some cases, this condition may get worse during pregnancy.

If you are pregnant, visit an ophthalmologist during each trimester of your pregnancy and one year after you give birth. Or as often as your health care provider suggests. Regularly monitoring your blood sugar levels is important to avoid severe complications. Also, be aware of symptoms that may suggest irregular blood sugar levels and the need for immediate care:.

High blood sugar. This condition also is called hyperglycemia. Eating certain foods or too much food, being sick, or not taking medications at the right time can cause high blood sugar. Symptoms include:. Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome HHNS.

HHNS may be more likely if you have an infection, are not taking medicines as prescribed, or take certain steroids or drugs that cause frequent urination. Diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when a lack of insulin results in the body breaking down fat for fuel rather than sugar.

This results in a buildup of acids called ketones in the bloodstream. Triggers of diabetic ketoacidosis include certain illnesses, pregnancy, trauma and medicines — including the diabetes medicines called SGLT2 inhibitors.

The toxicity of the acids made by diabetic ketoacidosis can be life-threatening. In addition to the symptoms of hyperglycemia, such as frequent urination and increased thirst, ketoacidosis may cause:.

Low blood sugar. If your blood sugar level drops below your target range, it's known as low blood sugar. This condition also is called hypoglycemia.

Your blood sugar level can drop for many reasons, including skipping a meal, unintentionally taking more medication than usual or being more physically active than usual. If you have symptoms of low blood sugar, drink or eat something that will quickly raise your blood sugar level.

Examples include fruit juice, glucose tablets, hard candy or another source of sugar. Retest your blood in 15 minutes. If levels are not at your target, eat or drink another source of sugar. Eat a meal after your blood sugar level returns to normal.

If you lose consciousness, you need to be given an emergency injection of glucagon, a hormone that stimulates the release of sugar into the blood. There is a problem with information submitted for this request. Sign up for free and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips, current health topics, and expertise on managing health.

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Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition. Careful management of type 2 diabetes can reduce the risk of serious — even life-threatening — complications.

Consider these tips:. Many alternative medicine treatments claim to help people living with diabetes. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, studies haven't provided enough evidence to recommend any alternative therapies for blood sugar management.

Research has shown the following results about popular supplements for type 2 diabetes:. Talk to your health care provider before starting a dietary supplement or natural remedy.

Do not replace your prescribed diabetes medicines with alternative medicines. Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease, and following your diabetes treatment plan takes commitment. To effectively manage diabetes, you may need a good support network. Anxiety and depression are common in people living with diabetes.

Talking to a counselor or therapist may help you cope with the lifestyle changes and stress that come with a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. Support groups can be good sources of diabetes education, emotional support and helpful information, such as how to find local resources or where to find carbohydrate counts for a favorite restaurant.

If you're interested, your health care provider may be able to recommend a group in your area. You can visit the American Diabetes Association website to check out local activities and support groups for people living with type 2 diabetes.

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Show references Facilitating behavior change and well-being to improve health outcomes. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Diabetes Care.

Nutrition overview. American Diabetes Association. Accessed Dec. Diabetes and mental health. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Insulin, medicines, and other diabetes treatments.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Insulin storage and syringe safety. Diabetes diet, eating, and physical activity. Type 2 diabetes mellitus adult. Mayo Clinic; Wexler DJ. Initial management of hyperglycemia in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes and women. Planning for sick days. Diabetes: Managing sick days. Castro MR expert opinion. Mayo Clinic. Hypoglycemia low blood glucose. Blood glucose and exercise. Riddell MC. Exercise guidance in adults with diabetes mellitus.

Colberg SR, et al. Palermi S, et al. The complex relationship between physical activity and diabetes: An overview. Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology. Take charge of your diabetes: Your medicines. Sick day management for adults with type 1 diabetes.

Association of Diabetes Care and Education Specialists. Alcohol and diabetes. Diabetes and nerve damage. Roe AH, et al. Combined estrogen-progestin contraception: Side effects and health concerns.

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4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life - NIDDK Show the heart some love! You can manage your diabetes and live a long and healthy life by taking care of yourself each day. They may be especially helpful for overweight people who are gaining weight or struggling to lose weight on other diabetes medicines. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. How can I manage my diabetes?
10 Tips for How to Manage Diabetes Being fit for yourself Managing diabetes effectively your family? Show it to your Managing diabetes effectively Healthy digestion team. Take classes to effectivelg more diavetes living with diabetes. Effechively live in Victoria I live in another state or territory. Learn more about the best and worst drinks for people with diabetes. How insulin problems develop. You also can use measuring cups or a scale to help make sure you get the right portion sizes.
Managing diabetes effectively

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