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Hunger in developing countries

Hunger in developing countries

Hunger in developing countries world hunger is one of the deveoping challenges of our times. Hungr part of Hypertension and meditation United Nations Sustainable Development GoalsConcern is working to eliminate hunger and malnutrition by Donate now. or text "ACT" to Click here to register for webinar. Clean Water.

Hunger in developing countries -

Unmet needs heighten the risk of hunger and malnutrition. The climate crisis is one of the leading causes of the steep rise in global hunger. Hunger will spiral out of control if the world fails to take immediate climate action.

Global fertilizer prices have climbed even faster than food prices, which remain at a ten-year high themselves. The effects of the war in Ukraine, including higher natural gas prices, have further disrupted global fertilizer production and exports — reducing supplies, raising prices and threatening to reduce harvests.

High fertilizer prices could turn the current food affordability crisis into a food availability crisis, with production of maize, rice, soybean and wheat all falling in On top of increased operational costs , WFP is facing a major drop in funding in compared to the previous year, reflecting the new and more challenging financial landscape that the entire humanitarian sector is navigating.

As a result, assistance levels are well below those of Almost half of WFP country operations have already been forced to cut the size and scope of food, cash and nutrition assistance by up to 50 percent. But it is not sufficient to only keep people alive. The consequences of not investing in resilience activities will reverberate across borders.

Over 2. Evidence shows that people are better equipped to withstand seasonal shocks and have improved access to vital natural resources like land they can work.

Families and their homes, belongings and fields are better protected against climate hazards. Support serves as a buffer to instability by bringing people together, creating social safety nets, keeping lands productive and offering job opportunities — all of which help to break the cycle of hunger.

Humanitarian assistance alone is not enough though. Good governance is a golden thread that holds society together, allowing human capital to grow, economies to develop and people to thrive.

The world also needs deeper political engagement to reach zero hunger. We bring life-saving relief in emergencies and use food assistance to build peace, stability and prosperity for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change. We span a broad range of activities, bringing life-saving assistance in emergencies and supporting sustainable and resilient livelihoods to achieve a world with zero hunger.

Climate extremes have severely hampered agricultural productivity in Maldives, while coral bleaching and ocean acidification are destroying the marine ecosystem upon which many of the islands rely for protein: fish, as her country is among the highest fish-consuming States in the world.

Further, illegal and unreported fishing and competition for resources threaten the fishery sector. Her country remains committed to banning harmful fishing methods.

She additionally affirmed that, as the country imports over 90 per cent of its food, it is diversifying the agriculture sector to improve food security, identifying 17 crops for cultivation across 44 islands and launching a link of ferry services to connect widely dispersed atolls.

NZUMBU Kenya , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group, said that vulnerable populations, including the poor, small-scale food producers, women, youth, persons with disabilities and children, are disproportionately affected by the global food and energy crisis, leading to increased humanitarian needs.

MAURIZIO MASSARI Italy said that eliminating poverty and hunger must continue to be at the top of international course of action. Displacement is a driver and outcome of food insecurity, with forcibly displaced people reaching more than million people. Agrifood systems account for one third of total greenhouse gas emissions and, at the same time, they are highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change, he added.

He added that Belarus is one of the biggest producers of potash fertilizers and traditionally accounted for 20 per cent of global trade in this product. NEVILLE MELVIN GERTZE Namibia said many of the SDG goals, including poverty reduction, improved health and access to quality education, intersect with sustainable food production and food security, and expressed his concern that by , 30 per cent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa is anticipated to still be living in extreme poverty.

He cited analysis from the World Bank, which suggests that eradicating extreme poverty in the region would require each country to have an annual growth rate of per capita gross domestic product GDP of 9 per cent beginning in Given that these economies grew by an average of 1.

He also spoke to the gaps in income and wealth distribution, a legacy of colonialism and apartheid, which are a threat to global security and harmony.

He pointed to progress in reducing poverty, even though the results have been uneven across the country, citing among other things the addition of food banks that aims to combat hunger and provide nutrition for the most vulnerable. BOKOUM MAHAMADOU Burkina Faso said the percentage of people suffering from hunger is much higher in Africa than elsewhere in the world, and that his Government has factored malnutrition and poverty reduction efforts into its national development plans.

It also, in , adopted the law on the universal health insurance scheme, which aims to provide basic health coverage for all Burkinabés by Other projects for women, children and the elderly have been undertaken. He noted that the fight against poverty requires a synergy of actions by all actors and solicited the support of the international community towards defeating the terrorist group Hydra.

CAO LIWEN China , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and her country, said the international community must place great emphasis on poverty reduction, especially in rural areas. Developed countries should assist least developed countries with investment, technology and capacity-building, and work towards promoting a more just and reasonable global economic order.

She noted that poverty and hunger are two aspects of the same issue, requiring a whole-of-society approach cutting across industry, technology, education and cultural sectors in forming solutions.

At the same time, it works to reduce poverty in other States through South-South cooperation, working with the FAO, WFP and other organizations, operationalizing projects in 60 countries covering 30 million people.

He looked forward to the hosting of the twenty-eighth UN Climate Change Conference, whose aim will be to support international efforts to reduce food waste, accelerate food security initiatives and strengthen food production chains.

He noted several initiatives aiming to make progress on agricultural programmes and combat malnutrition. The United Arab Emirates is committed to providing annual support to FAO.

He reiterated that his Government will continue to support all actions to help the international community achieve global food security.

PETAL GAHLOT India aligned herself with the Group of 77 and China and said that her country has lifted about million people out of poverty over 15 years, contributing to the decline in poverty levels in South Asia.

Countries must urgently implement social policies to mitigate the impacts of the crises, get back on track and build resilience, she said, citing a priority-sector lending approach that protects key economic sectors from severe external shocks and propels structural transformation.

Through targeted policy intervention, multidimensional poverty in rural India has declined faster in the last decade, she said, adding that more than 70 per cent of rural Indian households rely on agriculture as the principal source of livelihood.

She said India has built resilient food stocks, ensuring food security for more than million of its citizens during the last three years. His delegation believes that ensuring food security is crucial to address these challenges. Transforming food systems in a more sustainable and resilient manner is imperative to better withstand and recover from multiple crises.

Financing this therefore needs to be comprehensive and consistent at all levels, he added, stating that providing decent jobs must also be prioritized. MARITZA CHAN VALVERDE Costa Rica said that her country is investing in strengthening social protection tailored to the specific needs of each population group and eliminating barriers that hinder access.

Challenges such as climate change and its economic impact delay the attainment of the SDGs, she said, adding that COVID has put extraordinary pressures on food systems around the world. According to FAO, 3. Many of these areas are found in developing countries with severe implications for food security.

Tajikistan faces several environmental challenges, including land degradation, she said, adding that her Government has identified food security and access to good quality nutrition as one of its development priorities.

LINOUSE VILMENAY JOSEPH Haiti , aligning herself with CARICOM, the Group of 77 and China, the Alliance of Small Island States and the Group of Least Developed Countries, noted her country faces major economic, social and environmental problems, with the deterioration of the security situation also generating a new humanitarian crisis in recent weeks, with displaced people spontaneously occupying several sites to escape gang violence.

These challenges are enormous, she stressed, requiring bold measures to promote an accelerated recovery and guarantee the socioeconomic development of everyone.

She further cited the priority of science, technology and innovation, and the application of a new approach to the modernization of the agricultural sector. MUSA GARBA MAITAFSIR Nigeria , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group, called for re-evaluating existing agricultural interventions and policies.

MATETE PAUL NENA Lesotho said that now is the time to end hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. CARLA MARIA RODRÍGUEZ MANCIA Guatemala reminded that hunger has a human face, and those most vulnerable to malnutrition are children under 5 years of age, women in extreme poverty and rural populations.

Her country has also witnessed how climate change has become a driver of hunger, destroying crops and productive infrastructure, increasing poverty and migratory flows.

This requires investing in innovative agricultural technologies, promoting productivity and open trade. Further, the resilience of agrifood systems must be strengthened through social protection programmes, early warning systems, agricultural insurance and livelihood diversification. She pointed to the WFP Pro-Resilience project, which seeks to contribute to improving the food security and nutritional status of 60 communities in the dry north-eastern corridor of Guatemala, by generating income through productive activities and involvement of women in entrepreneurship at the local level.

GIRMAY Ethiopia , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries, the Group of Least Developed Countries and the African Group, said that the developing States are having the heaviest burden while persistent droughts in Africa further threaten food security.

BARBA Ecuador , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, said eradicating poverty is a priority, especially since it goes beyond monetary resources to cover a set of deprivations that require attention, especially the vulnerable and those in rural areas.

Financial institutions need to focus on capacity-building, she said, and added that external crises, including climate change, jeopardize food security.

In support of accomplishing the Agenda, she cited several strategic areas, among them better production, better nutrition and better environment, to achieve a better life.

She spoke of work to transform national agrifood systems with low environmental impact, which includes inclusive dialogue that makes the contribution of women more visible. Another priority has been the successful reduction of chronic infant malnutrition, she said, adding that around 20, infants now have a better future.

ROYSTON ALKINS Guyana , associating himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Alliance of Small Island States and CARICOM, warned that only about one-third of countries will meet the target to halve national poverty levels — and shockingly, the world is back at hunger levels not seen since , with food prices remaining higher in more countries than in the period from to In that vein, he called on relevant parties to end all geopolitical conflicts and take action to halt and reverse the effects of climate change, including delivering on climate finance.

Guyana, he recalled, is endowed with vast forests, farmlands and freshwater resources. ALMEZYAD Kuwait said that combating poverty in all its dimensions is a major pillar for the implementation of the SDGs and a fundamental focus of her Government. Kuwait has also deployed great efforts to combat poverty across its own territory through Government assistance programmes in an equitable manner in hopes of strengthening social cohesion.

MARY BETH LEONARD United States said that her country remains committed to improving global food and nutrition security. EMERY GABI Congo , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, said that after recording substantial progress in reducing extreme poverty, the world now finds itself in a state of indescribable poverty, with climate change and environmental degradation among the challenges.

He added that food insecurity disproportionately affects women and people in rural areas. He called for urgent action to reverse the negative trends and accelerate progress, highlighting the need to connect rural and urban areas with infrastructure, public goods and capacity-building.

Various initiatives, especially the implementation of national development plans, have helped restructure and diversify the economy and lay the foundation for sustainable growth, he said.

Among other victories are improved access to clean drinking water as well as better access to electricity. ALAN EBUN GEORGE Sierra Leone , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China and the Group of Least Developed Countries, warned that increasing inequality and poverty has forced thousands of vibrant youths to cross the Mediterranean into Europe in search of greener pastures.

The consequence of this persistent migration has led to brain drain and low agricultural output that has adversely impacted the domestic economies of developing countries. To develop human capital, the Government has allocated 21 per cent of its budget to education, while offering scholarships to female students studying science, technology, innovation and engineering in university and colleges.

The country has engaged in various rice production projects including cultivating hectares of farm rice using combined harvesters and threshers to dramatically increase production output and meet domestic demands. Similarly, the fisheries and the aquaculture sectors have huge potential to reduce food insecurity.

ALSINDI Bahrain said that food insecurity affects million people worldwide, 35 million are facing famine and hundreds of thousands are near famine conditions.

Bahrain has made efforts towards agricultural development as well as the development of water resources as part of its national food strategy. Bahrain seeks to ensure food security through innovations aimed at increasing the quantity of food produced locally.

It is also making efforts to address the betterment of imports, trade and investments. Bahrain is also trying to expand the fishing sector by and will continue to harness and grow partnerships for development with regional actors. LUIZ FELIPE ROSA DOS SANTOS Brazil , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, said that contemporary challenges, including geopolitical tensions and multiplying humanitarian crises around the globe, are complex and intertwined.

There is a need to get back on track to achieve the Agenda, he said, adding that the path to a sustainable future must start by strengthening efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger and reduce global inequalities.

There were million more people in facing chronic hunger than there were in , and at the current pace, million people will still be living in extreme poverty in , he said, noting a return to trade protectionism and unilateral measures that aggravate the situation.

He pointed to a national cash-transfer programme that ensures a minimal income and grants additional funds per family for each child or teenager, a policy that has lifted 3.

MANDLAPER South Africa , aligning himself with the Group of 77, called for targeted investment as well as technology transfer and capacity-building support, including key areas such as industrialization, agriculture, energy, education, health, information and communications technologies and water.

Ensuring sustainable development that is both just and inclusive requires collective action by all countries, sectors and actors. ANDRÉS NAPURÍ PITA Peru , aligning himself with the Group of 77, noted that around the world more than one in four workers are engaged in agriculture, mostly as self-employed and unpaid family workers.

Moreover, in the agricultural sector, Originally from the South American Andes, it is grown today on all continents, in more than countries, with consumption having doubled in the last 30 years.

Cultivated on an area of 24 million hectares, potatoes currently have an estimated global production of million tons. Given it is one of the five main basic foods of humanity — a tuber that plays a fundamental role in agriculture, the economy and global food and nutritional security — he said that Peru will introduce a draft resolution that would have the General Assembly declare 30 May as the International Day of the Potato.

MD FARUK HOSSAIN Bangladesh , associating himself with the Group of 77 and China, said that many people in rural areas lack access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food year-round.

Food insecurity affects the goal of gender equality as well, as women and girls suffer disproportionately in the face of poverty, chronic hunger and malnutrition.

Bangladesh has become self-sufficient in food production through a combination of agricultural transformations, climate adaptation and the prudent use of land. Developing countries need uninterrupted access to fertilizer, he also added.

He stressed the need to prioritize security in countries in special situations. Least developed, landlocked developing and small island developing States are disproportionately affected by global shocks, including food market volatility. This must be addressed at all levels through collective action.

He further emphasized the need to mobilize all stakeholders towards that goal, including donors, international financial organizations, the UN system and other global partners. HAFIZA HUMAIRA JAVAID Pakistan , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, said that poverty is the root cause of food insecurity and malnutrition, socioeconomic instability and political and security problems.

One third of the country was under water, sending as many as 9. Global measures are required, she said, including reforming the international financial architecture, providing food producers with access to seeds and fertilizers, eliminating massive agriculture subsidies and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

İLKNUR DEMİR Türkiye said the increasing frequency and intensity of natural hazards have triggered famine and food insecurity, pointing out that 9.

Malaysia has effectively reshaped its economy, elevated living standards and transitioned from a low-income to an upper-middle-income economy in a single generation.

He noted that Malaysia also continues its efforts to tackle food security issues with national policies in line with the four pillars outlined by FAO: availability, access, utilization and stability.

RENATA CHIVUNDU Malawi , associating herself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Least Developed Countries and the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries, said that given current trends, million people will still be living in extreme poverty by , while approximately million people will still be facing hunger.

Agriculture significantly contributes to employment, economic growth, export earnings, poverty reduction, food security and nutrition.

The international community needs to come up with a multifaceted approach that combines short-term relief and long-term sustainability. SAŠA MART Serbia said the transformation of agrifood systems can advance progress on several SDG targets, enabling access to safe and nutritious food, reducing environmental impacts and increasing resilience vis-à-vis conflict and climate change, while also contributing to peace and security.

The Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy has among its goals stability and production growth, increased competitiveness, sustainable resource management and environmental protection.

Increased investment in agriculture research and development is key, he said, highlighting the building of irrigation systems, hail protection systems, storage facilities and collection centers with refrigeration equipment for storing fruits and vegetables to strengthen the agriculture sector and make it more resilient in the face of climate change.

HARI PRABOWO Indonesia , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China as well as ASEAN, said that agriculture is not just a sector of the economy but is the backbone of many communities, especially in the developing world. While recalling that there has been some development progress, he affirmed that achieving the SDGs remains difficult.

The Government has further launched a number of initiatives, including a national programme to reduce food loss and waste and to encourage food recycling. MUNGANDI Zambia , associating himself with the Group of Least Developed Countries, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries and the Group of 77 and China, said that his State, like most in Africa, has been grappling with the challenge of high poverty levels.

This has been exacerbated by the effects of multiple challenges, including climate change and the pandemic. National poverty levels have remained high, increasing from Some key interventions being undertaken include social cash transfer programmes, public welfare assistance schemes, school feeding programmes and other specific programmes targeted at empowering vulnerable women and girls.

LISANDRA MARINA GUTIÉRREZ TÓRREZ Nicaragua , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China and the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations, said that eradicating extreme poverty is a key priority.

To do so, it is important to establish a new global order and a multipolar world characterized by transparent, equitable agreements and solidarity, she said. Debt relief is vital in this regard. Many developing countries struggle with indebtedness, she said, stressing the need for the financial system to put forward monetary policies that are fair and avoid plunging developing countries into a prolonged debt crisis.

Financing is crucial to achieve sustainable development, she said, adding that developed countries must meet their as-yet unmet commitments in official development assistance ODA. She criticized illegal and terrorist unilateral coercive measures imposed by imperial and neocolonial countries on more than 30 countries, affecting more than 2 billion people.

HUSSEIN ATHMAN KATTANGA United Republic of Tanzania , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, and the Group of Least Developed Countries, said his country aims to be a hub and basket of the African food supply.

He cited a clear land ownership policy; a 29 per cent increase in the budget for agriculture between and ; and subsidies in fertilizers and seeds. He further emphasized that it had the lowest inflationary rate for the past three years within the region, at an average of 3.

The United Republic of Tanzania further hosted the Africa Food Systems Forum in September, bringing together more than 5, participants including five Heads of State, experts, policymakers and representatives from 70 countries.

MOHAMED-ESSEGHIR LATROUS Algeria , associating himself with the Group of 77 and China, said the scourge of hunger continues to dominate the international landscape and remains one of the most pressing global challenges the international community faces in the twenty-first century.

These factors have historically been catalysts for social unrest. It is evident that developing countries, particularly those in Africa, are severely affected by rising food prices, which are compounded by soaring agriculture and energy prices, climate change and geopolitical tensions.

The global food supply chain must remain open and free, especially for essential raw materials. MAURA Mozambique , aligning himself with the Group of Least Developed Countries and the Group of 77 and China, said that the fulfilment of basic human needs in his country is understood as a human rights matter.

Learn about the Hunger in developing countries 10 causes of Hunger in developing countries hunger, and what we're countried to solve them. The world degeloping enough food counhries feed all 7. As part of the United Nations Sustainable Development GoalsConcern is working to eliminate hunger and malnutrition by But we need to know what we're really fighting. Here are 10 of the most popular causes of world hunger — and how you can help advance the fight for Zero Hunger. Having enough to eat is developingg of the fundamental basic human needs. Hunger Hunegr Hunger in developing countries, more countriies, Hunger in developing countries — is defined as reveloping Hunger in developing countries than the energy required to maintain an cohntries and healthy life. Gluten-free ingredients share of undernourished people is the leading indicator for food security and nutrition used by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The fight against hunger focuses on a sufficient energy intake — enough calories per person per day. But it is not the only factor that matters for a healthy diet. Sufficient protein, fats, and micronutrients are also essential, and we cover this in our topic page on micronutrient deficiencies.

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The Group warned that the exploitation of natural resources must stop. It is critical that all Member States respect international law and enforce and respect the Charter of the United Nations. Climate change has become an automated and imported crisis for the least developed countries, she said, adversely impacting agricultural productivity and food insecurity.

These issues, together with multidimensional poverty, which has widened the existing global inequality gap, contribute to the growing global inequality in low-income countries. She further urged development partners and the United Nations system to materialize the commitment to providing enhanced funding for developing innovative solutions to specific problems in least developed countries.

Modernization and industrialization of agriculture in these countries is urgently needed, along with increased investment in early warning systems, identification of areas likely to escalate food insecurity, and well-targeted social protection measures in response to climate change. Furthermore, the situation in Haiti is a cause for deep concern, with over half of its population chronically food insecure.

Its contribution towards poverty eradication and reduction of hunger and malnutrition is significant, he said, adding that sustainable agriculture and food systems are important to ensure the availability, accessibility, utilization, affordability and sustainability of food products for all.

He expressed commitment to the redoubling of efforts towards regional food security by strengthening agriculture productivity and through the promotion of sustainable agricultural practices. He also recognized the importance of an early warning system and rapid response to ensure food availability in times of crisis.

He said the reduction of poverty and the promotion of rural development are key priorities, and he highlighted important progress and commitments such as strategic initiatives that leverage regional cooperation to accelerate inclusive development and reduce poverty.

They included, he said, the promotion of global supply chains, trade and investment, the acceleration of the digital transformation, enhancing efforts to achieve the Green Economy, recognizing the great value and potential of the Blue Economy as a new engine of future economic growth and strengthening people-to-people exchange to break barriers.

ASBINA MARIN SEVILLA Venezuelaspeaking for the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nationssaid reducing poverty in all its forms and eradicating hunger has long been a focus of the international community. She reported that an estimated million people, or 8. This represents a pandemic which is affecting all efforts towards achieving the Agenda.

She further stressed that unilateral coercive measures constitute a flagrant violation of the Charter and international law, given their wide scope of effect and extraterritorial implications — deliberately exacerbating the multilevel crises affecting the international community and prolonging human suffering.

Emphasizing that these measures make it nearly impossible to purchase equipment, software and spare parts for the agricultural sector, she recalled the joint statement by FAO, the World Food Programme WFP and the World Bank inaffirming that such measures contribute to the rise of food prices.

GLADYS MOKHAWA Botswanaspeaking on behalf of the Group of Landlocked Developing Countriessaid that the challenges facing the world are vast. Landlocked developing countries are facing increasingly complex trade-offs between fighting inflation, preserving financial stability and supporting inclusive economic recovery.

Many citizens depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. The devastating impact of climate change on this sector poses a significant challenge. Food insecurity has recently spiked, as have global food costs.

There is a need to support landlocked developing countries to achieve efficient transit including by helping them build the necessary infrastructure, she went on to say.

Many landlocked developing countries are dependent on primary commodities as sources of economic strength. It is therefore critical to support these countries in economic structural transformation, she added.

Addressing the impact of climate change is also critical for this group of countries. However, landlocked developing countries are often left out of conversations on climate change.

International support is necessary to help those vulnerable countries charter a path for their sustainable development. ISAIA LAUTASI Samoaspeaking on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island States and aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, said because the global development blueprint highlights the urgency of eradicating poverty and hunger, the Group considers agricultural development, food security and nutrition critical.

Reversal of progress in this regard is therefore a source of concern for small island developing States. However, this approach poses difficulties of healthy diet maintenance, equitable distribution of costs and revenues, and sustainability, as well as the central consideration of sufficient food for everyone.

Persistent crises therefore underscore the need to holistically address these challenges. The Group therefore continues its calls to development partners to deliver on their commitments in line with the Addis Ababa Action Agenda for resources and investments needed for developing countries to achieve the SDGs.

BARAHONA FIGUEROA El Salvador aligned herself with the Group of 77 and China and said that the lack of advancement of the SDGs has a significant impact on developing countries, affecting the poorest and most vulnerable. She pointed to policies that are people-focused with social investment and prioritization of early childhood initiatives.

She called for rethinking means of measurements so that no one is left behind, adding that focusing on the economic aspect to measure progress will only lead to greater gaps. She said the middle-income trap is a reality. It is a global challenge that affects people in most of the world.

She highlighted sustainable agriculture practices designed to improve the living situation of the rural poor who depend on livestock and farming, such as modernizing the rural infrastructure and technology.

MARKOVA CONCEPCIÓN JARAMILLO Panamaaligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, noted that according to World Bank estimates, million people were living in conditions of extreme poverty inan increase of 70 million people compared to projections prior to the pandemic.

In Panama, like other territories in Latin America and the Caribbean, the rate of poverty and extreme poverty is much higher in rural areas than in urban areas.

Those areas are the basis of family farming producing most of the food for local consumption; yet paradoxically, the countryside has the lowest schooling rates, and women have less participation in the labour market.

She noted that 15 October is the International Day of Rural Women, calling for efforts to spotlight their invaluable contribution to development. CHARLENE ARAVEJO BERIANNA Philippinesassociating herself with the Group of 77 and China and ASEAN, highlighted that her Government aims to reinvigorate job creation and accelerate poverty reduction.

Mindful that poverty continues to be overwhelmingly rural and is primarily concentrated in the agricultural sector, the Philippines has ongoing projects and programmes to achieve rural development, and to modernize and strengthen the resiliency of agriculture and agribusiness, with technical, capacity-building and financial support to farmers and fisherfolk.

The Philippine Rural Development Program seeks to increase rural incomes and enhance farm and fishery productivity in targeted areas by supporting smallholders and fishers, she said.

With a whole-of-nation approach, the Philippines is fast-tracking efforts to achieve greater access to safer and more nutritious food towards healthier and more sustainable consumption patterns.

The international community must prioritize ending hunger and poverty, she further stressed. Recent reports show that the world is not on track to end poverty, which is on the increase in different regions, particularly in the Middle East.

Her country is committed to prioritizing poverty reduction through a broad range of economic, environmental and social policies, which include implementation of targeted subsidy systems on essential goods and services, promoting job creation and diversifying its economy.

She further called on the United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIDO to actively pursue inclusive and sustainable development and help build resilience in developing countries.

VÁSQUEZ SOLANO, youth delegate of Mexicosaid that millions of people still live in poverty, hunger and malnutrition are on the rise and the effects of climate change become more evident.

ETOUNDI AYISSI Cameroon aligned himself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group and took notes of the reports presented to the Committee. He expressed concern over the increased number of people in distress and poverty around the world and reiterated his commitment to the Agenda and leaving no one behind.

He highlighted policies in Cameroon to promote employment, gender equality, better health care and social protection, climate change mitigation and the modernization of agriculture and rural development.

Challenges include insecurity and instability, the crushing weight of debt servicing, protectionism and worsening terms of trade, he said, adding that this is not a challenge that one country can overcome alone. He emphasized that the potential to become a key exporting nation on the African continent can bring numerous benefits, including attracting investment and promoting regional integration.

Thailand has been investing in improving quality of life for vulnerable groups and low-income families, notably through providing access to universal health coverage and quality education.

Thailand also believes that food insecurity in developing countries has often been a key impediment to eradicating poverty, he said, calling for the international community, including relevant international organizations, to intensify efforts in assisting developing countries to enhance their agricultural production capacity.

This could be achieved through improvement of farming techniques and ensuring access to quality food and improved nutrition, he said. Food volumes exported around the world would have been much higher had the Russian Federation not systematically obstructed the normal functioning of the Black Sea Grain Initiative in its attempt to weaponize the global food shortage.

CARLOS IVAN ZAMBRANA FLORES Bolivia aligned himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries and the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations.

He said eradicating poverty and strengthening agricultural development is key to achieving the SDGs and highlighted the need for equity. He pointed to substantial progress in the redistribution of land, technology and the means of production.

: Hunger in developing countries

Main Navigation In that vein, he called on relevant parties to end all geopolitical conflicts and take action to halt and reverse the effects of climate change, including delivering on climate finance. While there is enough food in the world, developing countries often experience shortages as a result of conflict, economic shocks, and natural disasters such as earthquakes, flooding, or drought. Let's stop hunger now. ALSINDI Bahrain said that food insecurity affects million people worldwide, 35 million are facing famine and hundreds of thousands are near famine conditions. İLKNUR DEMİR Türkiye said the increasing frequency and intensity of natural hazards have triggered famine and food insecurity, pointing out that 9. The representative of Nicaragua, stressing the key priority of eradicating extreme poverty, called for a new global order and a multipolar world characterized by transparent, equitable agreements and solidarity. BOKOUM MAHAMADOU Burkina Faso said the percentage of people suffering from hunger is much higher in Africa than elsewhere in the world, and that his Government has factored malnutrition and poverty reduction efforts into its national development plans.
What Causes Hunger? Stay Connected. Some key interventions being undertaken include social Body composition and fitness goals transfer programmes, Hunger in developing countries Hunged assistance Hujger, school feeding programmes and Hunger in developing countries specific deeveloping Hunger in developing countries at empowering vulnerable women and girls. They are not getting enough protein or ij, so they lose weight and in severe cases their bodies begin wasting. Younger people, especially, face challenges, with inadequate job opportunities, particularly for young women, she said, adding that poverty disproportionately affects female-headed households, while gender-based violence increased during the pandemic. Causes of world hunger in focus News Conflict and hunger: Five links in a deadly chain Oct 17, News How climate change increases hunger and why we're all at risk May 23, News Extreme Poverty and Hunger: A Vicious Cycle Oct 25,
Hunger by the numbers

She said the middle-income trap is a reality. It is a global challenge that affects people in most of the world. She highlighted sustainable agriculture practices designed to improve the living situation of the rural poor who depend on livestock and farming, such as modernizing the rural infrastructure and technology.

MARKOVA CONCEPCIÓN JARAMILLO Panama , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, noted that according to World Bank estimates, million people were living in conditions of extreme poverty in , an increase of 70 million people compared to projections prior to the pandemic.

In Panama, like other territories in Latin America and the Caribbean, the rate of poverty and extreme poverty is much higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Those areas are the basis of family farming producing most of the food for local consumption; yet paradoxically, the countryside has the lowest schooling rates, and women have less participation in the labour market.

She noted that 15 October is the International Day of Rural Women, calling for efforts to spotlight their invaluable contribution to development. CHARLENE ARAVEJO BERIANNA Philippines , associating herself with the Group of 77 and China and ASEAN, highlighted that her Government aims to reinvigorate job creation and accelerate poverty reduction.

Mindful that poverty continues to be overwhelmingly rural and is primarily concentrated in the agricultural sector, the Philippines has ongoing projects and programmes to achieve rural development, and to modernize and strengthen the resiliency of agriculture and agribusiness, with technical, capacity-building and financial support to farmers and fisherfolk.

The Philippine Rural Development Program seeks to increase rural incomes and enhance farm and fishery productivity in targeted areas by supporting smallholders and fishers, she said.

With a whole-of-nation approach, the Philippines is fast-tracking efforts to achieve greater access to safer and more nutritious food towards healthier and more sustainable consumption patterns. The international community must prioritize ending hunger and poverty, she further stressed.

Recent reports show that the world is not on track to end poverty, which is on the increase in different regions, particularly in the Middle East. Her country is committed to prioritizing poverty reduction through a broad range of economic, environmental and social policies, which include implementation of targeted subsidy systems on essential goods and services, promoting job creation and diversifying its economy.

She further called on the United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIDO to actively pursue inclusive and sustainable development and help build resilience in developing countries.

VÁSQUEZ SOLANO, youth delegate of Mexico , said that millions of people still live in poverty, hunger and malnutrition are on the rise and the effects of climate change become more evident. ETOUNDI AYISSI Cameroon aligned himself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group and took notes of the reports presented to the Committee.

He expressed concern over the increased number of people in distress and poverty around the world and reiterated his commitment to the Agenda and leaving no one behind. He highlighted policies in Cameroon to promote employment, gender equality, better health care and social protection, climate change mitigation and the modernization of agriculture and rural development.

Challenges include insecurity and instability, the crushing weight of debt servicing, protectionism and worsening terms of trade, he said, adding that this is not a challenge that one country can overcome alone.

He emphasized that the potential to become a key exporting nation on the African continent can bring numerous benefits, including attracting investment and promoting regional integration. Thailand has been investing in improving quality of life for vulnerable groups and low-income families, notably through providing access to universal health coverage and quality education.

Thailand also believes that food insecurity in developing countries has often been a key impediment to eradicating poverty, he said, calling for the international community, including relevant international organizations, to intensify efforts in assisting developing countries to enhance their agricultural production capacity.

This could be achieved through improvement of farming techniques and ensuring access to quality food and improved nutrition, he said. Food volumes exported around the world would have been much higher had the Russian Federation not systematically obstructed the normal functioning of the Black Sea Grain Initiative in its attempt to weaponize the global food shortage.

CARLOS IVAN ZAMBRANA FLORES Bolivia aligned himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries and the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations. He said eradicating poverty and strengthening agricultural development is key to achieving the SDGs and highlighted the need for equity.

He pointed to substantial progress in the redistribution of land, technology and the means of production. Smallholders in rural areas are important, he said, expressing commitment to their financial and technical empowerment. Food security and food sovereignty must be addressed as a vital part of the development of people, he added, stressing the need to tackle aspects of agriculture and food dependency based on fair trade.

He said Indigenous Peoples and their traditional know-how can help build productive systems and solve some of these challenges. Developing countries must be able to address consumption and production patterns with different kinds of fiscal policies, he said.

NASHWA Maldives , associating herself with the Group of 77 and China and the Alliance of Small Island States, noted that climate change poses a relentless threat to the food and water security of small island developing States. Climate extremes have severely hampered agricultural productivity in Maldives, while coral bleaching and ocean acidification are destroying the marine ecosystem upon which many of the islands rely for protein: fish, as her country is among the highest fish-consuming States in the world.

Further, illegal and unreported fishing and competition for resources threaten the fishery sector. Her country remains committed to banning harmful fishing methods.

She additionally affirmed that, as the country imports over 90 per cent of its food, it is diversifying the agriculture sector to improve food security, identifying 17 crops for cultivation across 44 islands and launching a link of ferry services to connect widely dispersed atolls.

NZUMBU Kenya , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group, said that vulnerable populations, including the poor, small-scale food producers, women, youth, persons with disabilities and children, are disproportionately affected by the global food and energy crisis, leading to increased humanitarian needs.

MAURIZIO MASSARI Italy said that eliminating poverty and hunger must continue to be at the top of international course of action. Displacement is a driver and outcome of food insecurity, with forcibly displaced people reaching more than million people. Agrifood systems account for one third of total greenhouse gas emissions and, at the same time, they are highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change, he added.

He added that Belarus is one of the biggest producers of potash fertilizers and traditionally accounted for 20 per cent of global trade in this product.

NEVILLE MELVIN GERTZE Namibia said many of the SDG goals, including poverty reduction, improved health and access to quality education, intersect with sustainable food production and food security, and expressed his concern that by , 30 per cent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa is anticipated to still be living in extreme poverty.

He cited analysis from the World Bank, which suggests that eradicating extreme poverty in the region would require each country to have an annual growth rate of per capita gross domestic product GDP of 9 per cent beginning in Given that these economies grew by an average of 1.

He also spoke to the gaps in income and wealth distribution, a legacy of colonialism and apartheid, which are a threat to global security and harmony.

He pointed to progress in reducing poverty, even though the results have been uneven across the country, citing among other things the addition of food banks that aims to combat hunger and provide nutrition for the most vulnerable. BOKOUM MAHAMADOU Burkina Faso said the percentage of people suffering from hunger is much higher in Africa than elsewhere in the world, and that his Government has factored malnutrition and poverty reduction efforts into its national development plans.

It also, in , adopted the law on the universal health insurance scheme, which aims to provide basic health coverage for all Burkinabés by Other projects for women, children and the elderly have been undertaken.

He noted that the fight against poverty requires a synergy of actions by all actors and solicited the support of the international community towards defeating the terrorist group Hydra.

CAO LIWEN China , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and her country, said the international community must place great emphasis on poverty reduction, especially in rural areas.

Developed countries should assist least developed countries with investment, technology and capacity-building, and work towards promoting a more just and reasonable global economic order. She noted that poverty and hunger are two aspects of the same issue, requiring a whole-of-society approach cutting across industry, technology, education and cultural sectors in forming solutions.

At the same time, it works to reduce poverty in other States through South-South cooperation, working with the FAO, WFP and other organizations, operationalizing projects in 60 countries covering 30 million people.

He looked forward to the hosting of the twenty-eighth UN Climate Change Conference, whose aim will be to support international efforts to reduce food waste, accelerate food security initiatives and strengthen food production chains.

He noted several initiatives aiming to make progress on agricultural programmes and combat malnutrition. The United Arab Emirates is committed to providing annual support to FAO. He reiterated that his Government will continue to support all actions to help the international community achieve global food security.

PETAL GAHLOT India aligned herself with the Group of 77 and China and said that her country has lifted about million people out of poverty over 15 years, contributing to the decline in poverty levels in South Asia. Countries must urgently implement social policies to mitigate the impacts of the crises, get back on track and build resilience, she said, citing a priority-sector lending approach that protects key economic sectors from severe external shocks and propels structural transformation.

Through targeted policy intervention, multidimensional poverty in rural India has declined faster in the last decade, she said, adding that more than 70 per cent of rural Indian households rely on agriculture as the principal source of livelihood.

She said India has built resilient food stocks, ensuring food security for more than million of its citizens during the last three years. His delegation believes that ensuring food security is crucial to address these challenges.

Transforming food systems in a more sustainable and resilient manner is imperative to better withstand and recover from multiple crises.

Financing this therefore needs to be comprehensive and consistent at all levels, he added, stating that providing decent jobs must also be prioritized. MARITZA CHAN VALVERDE Costa Rica said that her country is investing in strengthening social protection tailored to the specific needs of each population group and eliminating barriers that hinder access.

Challenges such as climate change and its economic impact delay the attainment of the SDGs, she said, adding that COVID has put extraordinary pressures on food systems around the world. According to FAO, 3. Many of these areas are found in developing countries with severe implications for food security.

Tajikistan faces several environmental challenges, including land degradation, she said, adding that her Government has identified food security and access to good quality nutrition as one of its development priorities. LINOUSE VILMENAY JOSEPH Haiti , aligning herself with CARICOM, the Group of 77 and China, the Alliance of Small Island States and the Group of Least Developed Countries, noted her country faces major economic, social and environmental problems, with the deterioration of the security situation also generating a new humanitarian crisis in recent weeks, with displaced people spontaneously occupying several sites to escape gang violence.

These challenges are enormous, she stressed, requiring bold measures to promote an accelerated recovery and guarantee the socioeconomic development of everyone.

She further cited the priority of science, technology and innovation, and the application of a new approach to the modernization of the agricultural sector.

MUSA GARBA MAITAFSIR Nigeria , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group, called for re-evaluating existing agricultural interventions and policies.

MATETE PAUL NENA Lesotho said that now is the time to end hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. CARLA MARIA RODRÍGUEZ MANCIA Guatemala reminded that hunger has a human face, and those most vulnerable to malnutrition are children under 5 years of age, women in extreme poverty and rural populations.

Her country has also witnessed how climate change has become a driver of hunger, destroying crops and productive infrastructure, increasing poverty and migratory flows. This requires investing in innovative agricultural technologies, promoting productivity and open trade.

Further, the resilience of agrifood systems must be strengthened through social protection programmes, early warning systems, agricultural insurance and livelihood diversification. She pointed to the WFP Pro-Resilience project, which seeks to contribute to improving the food security and nutritional status of 60 communities in the dry north-eastern corridor of Guatemala, by generating income through productive activities and involvement of women in entrepreneurship at the local level.

GIRMAY Ethiopia , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries, the Group of Least Developed Countries and the African Group, said that the developing States are having the heaviest burden while persistent droughts in Africa further threaten food security.

BARBA Ecuador , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, said eradicating poverty is a priority, especially since it goes beyond monetary resources to cover a set of deprivations that require attention, especially the vulnerable and those in rural areas. Financial institutions need to focus on capacity-building, she said, and added that external crises, including climate change, jeopardize food security.

In support of accomplishing the Agenda, she cited several strategic areas, among them better production, better nutrition and better environment, to achieve a better life.

She spoke of work to transform national agrifood systems with low environmental impact, which includes inclusive dialogue that makes the contribution of women more visible. Another priority has been the successful reduction of chronic infant malnutrition, she said, adding that around 20, infants now have a better future.

ROYSTON ALKINS Guyana , associating himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Alliance of Small Island States and CARICOM, warned that only about one-third of countries will meet the target to halve national poverty levels — and shockingly, the world is back at hunger levels not seen since , with food prices remaining higher in more countries than in the period from to In that vein, he called on relevant parties to end all geopolitical conflicts and take action to halt and reverse the effects of climate change, including delivering on climate finance.

Guyana, he recalled, is endowed with vast forests, farmlands and freshwater resources. ALMEZYAD Kuwait said that combating poverty in all its dimensions is a major pillar for the implementation of the SDGs and a fundamental focus of her Government.

Kuwait has also deployed great efforts to combat poverty across its own territory through Government assistance programmes in an equitable manner in hopes of strengthening social cohesion. MARY BETH LEONARD United States said that her country remains committed to improving global food and nutrition security.

EMERY GABI Congo , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, said that after recording substantial progress in reducing extreme poverty, the world now finds itself in a state of indescribable poverty, with climate change and environmental degradation among the challenges.

He added that food insecurity disproportionately affects women and people in rural areas. He called for urgent action to reverse the negative trends and accelerate progress, highlighting the need to connect rural and urban areas with infrastructure, public goods and capacity-building.

Various initiatives, especially the implementation of national development plans, have helped restructure and diversify the economy and lay the foundation for sustainable growth, he said. Among other victories are improved access to clean drinking water as well as better access to electricity.

ALAN EBUN GEORGE Sierra Leone , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China and the Group of Least Developed Countries, warned that increasing inequality and poverty has forced thousands of vibrant youths to cross the Mediterranean into Europe in search of greener pastures.

The consequence of this persistent migration has led to brain drain and low agricultural output that has adversely impacted the domestic economies of developing countries. To develop human capital, the Government has allocated 21 per cent of its budget to education, while offering scholarships to female students studying science, technology, innovation and engineering in university and colleges.

The country has engaged in various rice production projects including cultivating hectares of farm rice using combined harvesters and threshers to dramatically increase production output and meet domestic demands.

Similarly, the fisheries and the aquaculture sectors have huge potential to reduce food insecurity. ALSINDI Bahrain said that food insecurity affects million people worldwide, 35 million are facing famine and hundreds of thousands are near famine conditions. Bahrain has made efforts towards agricultural development as well as the development of water resources as part of its national food strategy.

Bahrain seeks to ensure food security through innovations aimed at increasing the quantity of food produced locally. It is also making efforts to address the betterment of imports, trade and investments. Bahrain is also trying to expand the fishing sector by and will continue to harness and grow partnerships for development with regional actors.

LUIZ FELIPE ROSA DOS SANTOS Brazil , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, said that contemporary challenges, including geopolitical tensions and multiplying humanitarian crises around the globe, are complex and intertwined.

There is a need to get back on track to achieve the Agenda, he said, adding that the path to a sustainable future must start by strengthening efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger and reduce global inequalities. There were million more people in facing chronic hunger than there were in , and at the current pace, million people will still be living in extreme poverty in , he said, noting a return to trade protectionism and unilateral measures that aggravate the situation.

He pointed to a national cash-transfer programme that ensures a minimal income and grants additional funds per family for each child or teenager, a policy that has lifted 3.

MANDLAPER South Africa , aligning himself with the Group of 77, called for targeted investment as well as technology transfer and capacity-building support, including key areas such as industrialization, agriculture, energy, education, health, information and communications technologies and water.

Ensuring sustainable development that is both just and inclusive requires collective action by all countries, sectors and actors. ANDRÉS NAPURÍ PITA Peru , aligning himself with the Group of 77, noted that around the world more than one in four workers are engaged in agriculture, mostly as self-employed and unpaid family workers.

Moreover, in the agricultural sector, Originally from the South American Andes, it is grown today on all continents, in more than countries, with consumption having doubled in the last 30 years. Cultivated on an area of 24 million hectares, potatoes currently have an estimated global production of million tons.

Given it is one of the five main basic foods of humanity — a tuber that plays a fundamental role in agriculture, the economy and global food and nutritional security — he said that Peru will introduce a draft resolution that would have the General Assembly declare 30 May as the International Day of the Potato.

MD FARUK HOSSAIN Bangladesh , associating himself with the Group of 77 and China, said that many people in rural areas lack access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food year-round. Food insecurity affects the goal of gender equality as well, as women and girls suffer disproportionately in the face of poverty, chronic hunger and malnutrition.

Bangladesh has become self-sufficient in food production through a combination of agricultural transformations, climate adaptation and the prudent use of land.

Developing countries need uninterrupted access to fertilizer, he also added. He stressed the need to prioritize security in countries in special situations. Least developed, landlocked developing and small island developing States are disproportionately affected by global shocks, including food market volatility.

This must be addressed at all levels through collective action. He further emphasized the need to mobilize all stakeholders towards that goal, including donors, international financial organizations, the UN system and other global partners.

HAFIZA HUMAIRA JAVAID Pakistan , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, said that poverty is the root cause of food insecurity and malnutrition, socioeconomic instability and political and security problems. Countries should balance short-term urgent interventions with longer-term resilience efforts as they respond to the crisis.

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Understanding Poverty Topics Agriculture and Food. This page in: English Español Français العربية. Food Security Update World Bank Response to Rising Food Insecurity Download the latest food security update.

Latest Update — February 5, Domestic food price inflation remains high. Some examples include: In Honduras, the Rural Competitiveness Project series COMRURAL II and III aims to generate entrepreneurship and employment opportunities while promoting a climate-conscious, nutrition-smart strategy in agri-food value chains.

This project has supported 12, extremely vulnerable families through nutrition-smart agricultural subprojects, food security plans, community nutrition plans, and nutrition and hygiene education. Now in phase three, the program will enhance inter-agency food crisis response also boost medium- and long-term efforts for resilient agricultural production, sustainable development of natural resources, expanded market access, and a greater focus on food systems resilience in policymaking.

More than , farmers and members of pastoral communities are benefiting from small and medium-sized irrigation initiatives. The project is building a portfolio of bankable irrigation investment projects of around 68, ha, particularly in medium and large-scale irrigation in the Sahel region.

Over 72, farmers have received drought-resistant and high-yielding seeds, fertilizers, agricultural equipment; and livestock vaccines for the country-wide vaccination program. In addition, 8, vulnerable households have received cash transfer to purchase food and tackle food insecurity.

These tools and services are helping farmers to increase production and build resilience in the face of climate crisis. In Mali, studies showed that farmers using recommendations from the AICCRA-supported RiceAdvice had on average 0.

The program is increasing digital advisory services for agriculture and food crisis prevention and management, boosting adaption capacity of agriculture system actors, and investing in regional food market integration and trade to increase food security.

Last Updated: Feb 05, Food Security Update. Global Food and Nutrition Security Dashboard The Global Food and Nutrition Security Dashboard is a key tool to fast-track a rapid response to the unfolding global food security crisis.

Click here to register for webinar. World Bank Scales Up Food and Nutrition Security Crises Response to Benefit Second Update on Food and Nutrition Security FNS. Coming Together to Address the Global Food Crisis. World Bank Announces Planned Actions for Global Food Crisis Response.

Second Joint Statement by the Heads of FAO, IMF, WBG, WFP, and WTO on the Global

Food Security Update | World Bank Response to Rising Food Insecurity

Local and national Governments, in cooperation with youth organizations, should organize cultural events that enhance exchanges between urban and rural youth. Youth organizations should be encouraged and assisted in organizing conventions and meetings in rural areas, with special efforts to enlist the cooperation of rural populations, including rural youth.

Skill training for income generation by young people Governments, in cooperation with youth organizations, should develop training programmes for youth which improve methods of agricultural production and marketing.

Training should be based on rural economic needs and the need to train young people in rural areas in techniques of food production and the achievement of food security.

Attention should be given in such programmes to young women, youth retention in rural areas, youth returning to rural areas from the cities, young people with disabilities, refugee and migrant youth, displaced persons and street children, indigenous youth, youth returning from military service and youth living in areas of resolved conflicts.

Land grants for young people Governments should provide grants of land to youth and youth organizations, supported by financial and technical assistance and training. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Labour Organization are invited to document and disseminate information about national experience with land-grant and settlement schemes for use by Governments.

Governments, consistent with their rural development schemes and with the assistance of international organizations, as appropriate, are encouraged to work with volunteer youth organizations on projects which enhance and maintain the rural and urban environments.

Cooperation between urban and rural youth in food production and distribution Non-governmental organizations should organize direct-marketing groups, including production and distribution cooperatives, to improve current marketing systems and to ensure that young farmers have access to them.

The aim of such groups should be to reduce food shortages and losses from defective systems of food storage and transport to markets. Our Work. World Programme of Action for Youth. What can you do? Youth Flash Newsletter.

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Contact Us. Hunger and poverty. Substance abuse. Juvenile justice. Leisure-time activities. Girls and young women. Armed Conflicts. Intergenerational Issues. Formulate national youth policies. Evaluate national youth policies. Register your NGO.

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IANYD members. Previous IANYD co-chairs. She reported that over the past few years, family farmers have faced increasing challenges from interconnected, mutually reinforcing drivers; however, they have developed innovative, tailored and locally adapted solutions, increased their capacities, strengthened their resilience and provided effective solutions to deal with the emerging needs of agrifood systems.

As the midterm of the Decade approaches in , a new phase will begin, moving to consolidate, strengthen and scale up the results already achieved and use them to fully leverage the innovative potential of family farmers to effectively meet the objectives of the Agenda for Sustainable Development.

GUEVARA RODRÍGUEZ Cuba , speaking on behalf of the Group of 77 and China , said that eradicating extreme poverty is the greatest and gravest global challenge. It must, therefore, be at the forefront of all international efforts. The right to sustainable development must be realized, and the path there must ensure that all Member States can meet the environmental and developmental needs of future generations.

Some million people lived in extreme poverty in , an increase of 70 million people compared to the pre-pandemic figures. Poverty eradication is the first of the UN Sustainable Development Goals SDGs. There is a reason for that. Conflicts are on the rise, which has thrown a wrench in the efforts to meet the Agenda, he continued.

The Group warned that the exploitation of natural resources must stop. It is critical that all Member States respect international law and enforce and respect the Charter of the United Nations. Climate change has become an automated and imported crisis for the least developed countries, she said, adversely impacting agricultural productivity and food insecurity.

These issues, together with multidimensional poverty, which has widened the existing global inequality gap, contribute to the growing global inequality in low-income countries.

She further urged development partners and the United Nations system to materialize the commitment to providing enhanced funding for developing innovative solutions to specific problems in least developed countries.

Modernization and industrialization of agriculture in these countries is urgently needed, along with increased investment in early warning systems, identification of areas likely to escalate food insecurity, and well-targeted social protection measures in response to climate change.

Furthermore, the situation in Haiti is a cause for deep concern, with over half of its population chronically food insecure.

Its contribution towards poverty eradication and reduction of hunger and malnutrition is significant, he said, adding that sustainable agriculture and food systems are important to ensure the availability, accessibility, utilization, affordability and sustainability of food products for all.

He expressed commitment to the redoubling of efforts towards regional food security by strengthening agriculture productivity and through the promotion of sustainable agricultural practices. He also recognized the importance of an early warning system and rapid response to ensure food availability in times of crisis.

He said the reduction of poverty and the promotion of rural development are key priorities, and he highlighted important progress and commitments such as strategic initiatives that leverage regional cooperation to accelerate inclusive development and reduce poverty.

They included, he said, the promotion of global supply chains, trade and investment, the acceleration of the digital transformation, enhancing efforts to achieve the Green Economy, recognizing the great value and potential of the Blue Economy as a new engine of future economic growth and strengthening people-to-people exchange to break barriers.

ASBINA MARIN SEVILLA Venezuela , speaking for the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations , said reducing poverty in all its forms and eradicating hunger has long been a focus of the international community. She reported that an estimated million people, or 8.

This represents a pandemic which is affecting all efforts towards achieving the Agenda. She further stressed that unilateral coercive measures constitute a flagrant violation of the Charter and international law, given their wide scope of effect and extraterritorial implications — deliberately exacerbating the multilevel crises affecting the international community and prolonging human suffering.

Emphasizing that these measures make it nearly impossible to purchase equipment, software and spare parts for the agricultural sector, she recalled the joint statement by FAO, the World Food Programme WFP and the World Bank in , affirming that such measures contribute to the rise of food prices.

GLADYS MOKHAWA Botswana , speaking on behalf of the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries , said that the challenges facing the world are vast. Landlocked developing countries are facing increasingly complex trade-offs between fighting inflation, preserving financial stability and supporting inclusive economic recovery.

Many citizens depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. The devastating impact of climate change on this sector poses a significant challenge. Food insecurity has recently spiked, as have global food costs. There is a need to support landlocked developing countries to achieve efficient transit including by helping them build the necessary infrastructure, she went on to say.

Many landlocked developing countries are dependent on primary commodities as sources of economic strength. It is therefore critical to support these countries in economic structural transformation, she added. Addressing the impact of climate change is also critical for this group of countries.

However, landlocked developing countries are often left out of conversations on climate change. International support is necessary to help those vulnerable countries charter a path for their sustainable development. ISAIA LAUTASI Samoa , speaking on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island States and aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, said because the global development blueprint highlights the urgency of eradicating poverty and hunger, the Group considers agricultural development, food security and nutrition critical.

Reversal of progress in this regard is therefore a source of concern for small island developing States. However, this approach poses difficulties of healthy diet maintenance, equitable distribution of costs and revenues, and sustainability, as well as the central consideration of sufficient food for everyone.

Persistent crises therefore underscore the need to holistically address these challenges. The Group therefore continues its calls to development partners to deliver on their commitments in line with the Addis Ababa Action Agenda for resources and investments needed for developing countries to achieve the SDGs.

BARAHONA FIGUEROA El Salvador aligned herself with the Group of 77 and China and said that the lack of advancement of the SDGs has a significant impact on developing countries, affecting the poorest and most vulnerable. She pointed to policies that are people-focused with social investment and prioritization of early childhood initiatives.

She called for rethinking means of measurements so that no one is left behind, adding that focusing on the economic aspect to measure progress will only lead to greater gaps. She said the middle-income trap is a reality.

It is a global challenge that affects people in most of the world. She highlighted sustainable agriculture practices designed to improve the living situation of the rural poor who depend on livestock and farming, such as modernizing the rural infrastructure and technology.

MARKOVA CONCEPCIÓN JARAMILLO Panama , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, noted that according to World Bank estimates, million people were living in conditions of extreme poverty in , an increase of 70 million people compared to projections prior to the pandemic.

In Panama, like other territories in Latin America and the Caribbean, the rate of poverty and extreme poverty is much higher in rural areas than in urban areas.

Those areas are the basis of family farming producing most of the food for local consumption; yet paradoxically, the countryside has the lowest schooling rates, and women have less participation in the labour market.

She noted that 15 October is the International Day of Rural Women, calling for efforts to spotlight their invaluable contribution to development.

CHARLENE ARAVEJO BERIANNA Philippines , associating herself with the Group of 77 and China and ASEAN, highlighted that her Government aims to reinvigorate job creation and accelerate poverty reduction. Mindful that poverty continues to be overwhelmingly rural and is primarily concentrated in the agricultural sector, the Philippines has ongoing projects and programmes to achieve rural development, and to modernize and strengthen the resiliency of agriculture and agribusiness, with technical, capacity-building and financial support to farmers and fisherfolk.

The Philippine Rural Development Program seeks to increase rural incomes and enhance farm and fishery productivity in targeted areas by supporting smallholders and fishers, she said. With a whole-of-nation approach, the Philippines is fast-tracking efforts to achieve greater access to safer and more nutritious food towards healthier and more sustainable consumption patterns.

The international community must prioritize ending hunger and poverty, she further stressed. Recent reports show that the world is not on track to end poverty, which is on the increase in different regions, particularly in the Middle East.

Her country is committed to prioritizing poverty reduction through a broad range of economic, environmental and social policies, which include implementation of targeted subsidy systems on essential goods and services, promoting job creation and diversifying its economy. She further called on the United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIDO to actively pursue inclusive and sustainable development and help build resilience in developing countries.

VÁSQUEZ SOLANO, youth delegate of Mexico , said that millions of people still live in poverty, hunger and malnutrition are on the rise and the effects of climate change become more evident. ETOUNDI AYISSI Cameroon aligned himself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group and took notes of the reports presented to the Committee.

He expressed concern over the increased number of people in distress and poverty around the world and reiterated his commitment to the Agenda and leaving no one behind.

He highlighted policies in Cameroon to promote employment, gender equality, better health care and social protection, climate change mitigation and the modernization of agriculture and rural development. Challenges include insecurity and instability, the crushing weight of debt servicing, protectionism and worsening terms of trade, he said, adding that this is not a challenge that one country can overcome alone.

He emphasized that the potential to become a key exporting nation on the African continent can bring numerous benefits, including attracting investment and promoting regional integration.

Thailand has been investing in improving quality of life for vulnerable groups and low-income families, notably through providing access to universal health coverage and quality education. Thailand also believes that food insecurity in developing countries has often been a key impediment to eradicating poverty, he said, calling for the international community, including relevant international organizations, to intensify efforts in assisting developing countries to enhance their agricultural production capacity.

This could be achieved through improvement of farming techniques and ensuring access to quality food and improved nutrition, he said. Food volumes exported around the world would have been much higher had the Russian Federation not systematically obstructed the normal functioning of the Black Sea Grain Initiative in its attempt to weaponize the global food shortage.

CARLOS IVAN ZAMBRANA FLORES Bolivia aligned himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries and the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations.

He said eradicating poverty and strengthening agricultural development is key to achieving the SDGs and highlighted the need for equity. He pointed to substantial progress in the redistribution of land, technology and the means of production. Smallholders in rural areas are important, he said, expressing commitment to their financial and technical empowerment.

Food security and food sovereignty must be addressed as a vital part of the development of people, he added, stressing the need to tackle aspects of agriculture and food dependency based on fair trade.

He said Indigenous Peoples and their traditional know-how can help build productive systems and solve some of these challenges. Developing countries must be able to address consumption and production patterns with different kinds of fiscal policies, he said.

NASHWA Maldives , associating herself with the Group of 77 and China and the Alliance of Small Island States, noted that climate change poses a relentless threat to the food and water security of small island developing States. Climate extremes have severely hampered agricultural productivity in Maldives, while coral bleaching and ocean acidification are destroying the marine ecosystem upon which many of the islands rely for protein: fish, as her country is among the highest fish-consuming States in the world.

Further, illegal and unreported fishing and competition for resources threaten the fishery sector. Her country remains committed to banning harmful fishing methods. She additionally affirmed that, as the country imports over 90 per cent of its food, it is diversifying the agriculture sector to improve food security, identifying 17 crops for cultivation across 44 islands and launching a link of ferry services to connect widely dispersed atolls.

NZUMBU Kenya , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group, said that vulnerable populations, including the poor, small-scale food producers, women, youth, persons with disabilities and children, are disproportionately affected by the global food and energy crisis, leading to increased humanitarian needs.

MAURIZIO MASSARI Italy said that eliminating poverty and hunger must continue to be at the top of international course of action. Displacement is a driver and outcome of food insecurity, with forcibly displaced people reaching more than million people. Agrifood systems account for one third of total greenhouse gas emissions and, at the same time, they are highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change, he added.

He added that Belarus is one of the biggest producers of potash fertilizers and traditionally accounted for 20 per cent of global trade in this product. NEVILLE MELVIN GERTZE Namibia said many of the SDG goals, including poverty reduction, improved health and access to quality education, intersect with sustainable food production and food security, and expressed his concern that by , 30 per cent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa is anticipated to still be living in extreme poverty.

He cited analysis from the World Bank, which suggests that eradicating extreme poverty in the region would require each country to have an annual growth rate of per capita gross domestic product GDP of 9 per cent beginning in Given that these economies grew by an average of 1. He also spoke to the gaps in income and wealth distribution, a legacy of colonialism and apartheid, which are a threat to global security and harmony.

He pointed to progress in reducing poverty, even though the results have been uneven across the country, citing among other things the addition of food banks that aims to combat hunger and provide nutrition for the most vulnerable.

BOKOUM MAHAMADOU Burkina Faso said the percentage of people suffering from hunger is much higher in Africa than elsewhere in the world, and that his Government has factored malnutrition and poverty reduction efforts into its national development plans.

It also, in , adopted the law on the universal health insurance scheme, which aims to provide basic health coverage for all Burkinabés by Other projects for women, children and the elderly have been undertaken. He noted that the fight against poverty requires a synergy of actions by all actors and solicited the support of the international community towards defeating the terrorist group Hydra.

CAO LIWEN China , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and her country, said the international community must place great emphasis on poverty reduction, especially in rural areas. Developed countries should assist least developed countries with investment, technology and capacity-building, and work towards promoting a more just and reasonable global economic order.

She noted that poverty and hunger are two aspects of the same issue, requiring a whole-of-society approach cutting across industry, technology, education and cultural sectors in forming solutions.

At the same time, it works to reduce poverty in other States through South-South cooperation, working with the FAO, WFP and other organizations, operationalizing projects in 60 countries covering 30 million people. He looked forward to the hosting of the twenty-eighth UN Climate Change Conference, whose aim will be to support international efforts to reduce food waste, accelerate food security initiatives and strengthen food production chains.

He noted several initiatives aiming to make progress on agricultural programmes and combat malnutrition. The United Arab Emirates is committed to providing annual support to FAO.

He reiterated that his Government will continue to support all actions to help the international community achieve global food security. PETAL GAHLOT India aligned herself with the Group of 77 and China and said that her country has lifted about million people out of poverty over 15 years, contributing to the decline in poverty levels in South Asia.

Countries must urgently implement social policies to mitigate the impacts of the crises, get back on track and build resilience, she said, citing a priority-sector lending approach that protects key economic sectors from severe external shocks and propels structural transformation.

Through targeted policy intervention, multidimensional poverty in rural India has declined faster in the last decade, she said, adding that more than 70 per cent of rural Indian households rely on agriculture as the principal source of livelihood. She said India has built resilient food stocks, ensuring food security for more than million of its citizens during the last three years.

His delegation believes that ensuring food security is crucial to address these challenges. Transforming food systems in a more sustainable and resilient manner is imperative to better withstand and recover from multiple crises.

Financing this therefore needs to be comprehensive and consistent at all levels, he added, stating that providing decent jobs must also be prioritized.

MARITZA CHAN VALVERDE Costa Rica said that her country is investing in strengthening social protection tailored to the specific needs of each population group and eliminating barriers that hinder access.

Challenges such as climate change and its economic impact delay the attainment of the SDGs, she said, adding that COVID has put extraordinary pressures on food systems around the world.

According to FAO, 3. Many of these areas are found in developing countries with severe implications for food security. Tajikistan faces several environmental challenges, including land degradation, she said, adding that her Government has identified food security and access to good quality nutrition as one of its development priorities.

LINOUSE VILMENAY JOSEPH Haiti , aligning herself with CARICOM, the Group of 77 and China, the Alliance of Small Island States and the Group of Least Developed Countries, noted her country faces major economic, social and environmental problems, with the deterioration of the security situation also generating a new humanitarian crisis in recent weeks, with displaced people spontaneously occupying several sites to escape gang violence.

These challenges are enormous, she stressed, requiring bold measures to promote an accelerated recovery and guarantee the socioeconomic development of everyone. She further cited the priority of science, technology and innovation, and the application of a new approach to the modernization of the agricultural sector.

MUSA GARBA MAITAFSIR Nigeria , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China and the African Group, called for re-evaluating existing agricultural interventions and policies.

MATETE PAUL NENA Lesotho said that now is the time to end hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. CARLA MARIA RODRÍGUEZ MANCIA Guatemala reminded that hunger has a human face, and those most vulnerable to malnutrition are children under 5 years of age, women in extreme poverty and rural populations.

Her country has also witnessed how climate change has become a driver of hunger, destroying crops and productive infrastructure, increasing poverty and migratory flows. This requires investing in innovative agricultural technologies, promoting productivity and open trade.

Further, the resilience of agrifood systems must be strengthened through social protection programmes, early warning systems, agricultural insurance and livelihood diversification. She pointed to the WFP Pro-Resilience project, which seeks to contribute to improving the food security and nutritional status of 60 communities in the dry north-eastern corridor of Guatemala, by generating income through productive activities and involvement of women in entrepreneurship at the local level.

GIRMAY Ethiopia , aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries, the Group of Least Developed Countries and the African Group, said that the developing States are having the heaviest burden while persistent droughts in Africa further threaten food security.

BARBA Ecuador , aligning herself with the Group of 77 and China, said eradicating poverty is a priority, especially since it goes beyond monetary resources to cover a set of deprivations that require attention, especially the vulnerable and those in rural areas.

A global food crisis

The climate crisis is one of the leading causes of the steep rise in global hunger. Hunger will spiral out of control if the world fails to take immediate climate action. Global fertilizer prices have climbed even faster than food prices, which remain at a ten-year high themselves.

The effects of the war in Ukraine, including higher natural gas prices, have further disrupted global fertilizer production and exports — reducing supplies, raising prices and threatening to reduce harvests. High fertilizer prices could turn the current food affordability crisis into a food availability crisis, with production of maize, rice, soybean and wheat all falling in On top of increased operational costs , WFP is facing a major drop in funding in compared to the previous year, reflecting the new and more challenging financial landscape that the entire humanitarian sector is navigating.

As a result, assistance levels are well below those of Almost half of WFP country operations have already been forced to cut the size and scope of food, cash and nutrition assistance by up to 50 percent. But it is not sufficient to only keep people alive.

The consequences of not investing in resilience activities will reverberate across borders. Over 2. Evidence shows that people are better equipped to withstand seasonal shocks and have improved access to vital natural resources like land they can work.

Families and their homes, belongings and fields are better protected against climate hazards. Donate Now. Burkina Faso Increased conflict in Burkina Faso is driving up food prices, pushing thousands into food insecurity and more than 40, people are living in famine conditions.

Our Work in Burkina Faso. Mali Mali, which already had high levels of acute food insecurity, is seeing escalating levels of violent conflict, driving hunger even higher.

Our Work in Mali. Our Work in South Sudan. Sudan The ongoing conflict, which started in April , is increasing the number of people facing food insecurity in Sudan. Our Work in Sudan. KEEP UP WITH THE ACTION Receive the latest news direct from our lifesaving teams.

Hunger in developing countries is one of the most significant hindrances to poverty reduction and global development around the world. Below are five facts about hunger in developing countries that everyone should know.

One in nine people globally is currently undernourished. This means that hunger in developing countries represents one of the most significant issues facing the developing world and development assistance programs.

Hunger in developing countries is not just concentrated on Africa. While the population of Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest percentage of undernourished people, Asia is home to the most hunger people in the world.

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A Life in Extreme Poverty

Author: Kaziramar

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