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Nutritional requirements for injury rehab

Nutritional requirements for injury rehab

Availability of data Protein intake for improving metabolism materials Not applicable. Article CAS Google Scholar Rfhab KH. Walsh NP. The search of information was made in the PubMed, Science Direct, Scielo, Embase, and Google Scholar databases under specific DeCS and MeSh terms. Nutritional requirements for injury rehab

Nutritional requirements for injury rehab -

Add to Favorites. You are what you eat - so, when the body is recovering from an injury, what nutrients does it need to be healthy again? National Nutrition Month® is a campaign created by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, focusing on the importance of making informed food choices and developing sound eating and physical activity habits.

Whether it be wound care, post-injury healing or everyday soreness from exercise, here are some evidence-based perspectives to help you guide your athletes, your patients or yourself through the landscape of nutritional choices throughout the healing process.

While you might not view wound care as an energy-draining process, the body actually demands an increased amount of energy so the wound can heal correctly.

While the nutritional needs of patients will vary based on age, comorbidities, body weight, activity level, stage of the healing process and the severity, size and number of wounds, experts recommend caloric intake start at kcal per kg of body weight.

These experts also recommend focusing on the correct micro and macronutrients that are critical to maintain appropriate levels of energy to support the entire healing process.

Carbohydrates: In the proliferative phase of wound healing, carbohydrates stimulate insulin production, which is helpful in the anabolic processes. Fats: Substantial fat consumption supplies additional energy to the wound healing process, as well as structural functions during tissue growth.

One key role of protein is the maintenance of oncotic pressure, particularly in venous insufficiency wounds, where excess extraluminal pressure due to peripheral edema will exacerbate wound formation and slow wound healing.

Fluids: Fluid maintains skin turgor and promotes tissue perfusion and oxygenation during the wound healing process. The goal for fluid intake in patients with wounds is approximately 1 ml per kcal each day.

Arginine: The amino acid arginine plays a diverse role in wound healing. Arginine supplementation was observed to increase collagen deposition in wounds. Glutamine: Glutamine, another amino acid, decreases infectious complications and protects against inflammatory injury by inducing the expression of heat shock proteins.

Additionally, glutamine appears to have a role in leukocyte apoptosis, superoxide production, antigen processing, and phagocytosis, all with implications on the inflammatory phase of wound healing.

Vitamine A: Vitamin A assists in wound closure. Topically-applied vitamin A has been used to stimulate epithelial growth, fibroblasts, and ground substance. Vitamin C: Vitamin C is believed to influence collagen formation, immunomodulation and antioxidant functions during wound healing.

Vitamin D: Vitamin D induces the antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin to promote healing. Zinc: More than zinc-containing enzymes, including superoxide dismutase, are involved in wound healing. However, excess zinc supplementation can interfere with the absorption of other cations, specifically iron and copper.

Therefore, supplementation should be avoided unless deficiency is present. After suffering a musculoskeletal injury, the proper nutritional support can help the body regain optimal fuel for rehabilitation.

Here are some of her top tips Delayed onset muscle soreness, or DOMS, may not be as serious of an ailment or require a long recovery like wounds or musculoskeletal injuries. Still, this natural result of regular exercise can be both healed and prevented by proper nutrition.

In one review of nutritional intervention for DOMS , researchers reviewed four nutrients that have been suggested to aide sore muscles:. As you can tell from these recommendations, maintaining a healthy, balanced diet is not only conductive to maintaining weight and building muscle.

It is not as simple as just how many calories you are ingesting, rather quality, variety, and excellent macro- and micronutrient distribution is important.

A RDN can assist in building a plan that includes high quality foods. Hoogenboom is a professor and an associate program chair at Grand Valley State University, in the Department of Physical Therapy. She was one of the first Board Certified Sports Clinical Specialists in West Michigan in , and has since been recertified twice by the ABPTS, most recently in She has been a Certified Athletic Trainer since She maintains a clinical practice by volunteering at the GVSU Pro Bono clinic.

Barb is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association and a member of the American Academy of Sports Physical Therapy, where she has been honored with the Academy's highest award, The Ron Peyton Award, and is also a member of the Turner A.

Blackburn Sports Physical Therapy Hall of Fame. She also received the "Lifetime Excellence in Education" award from the AASPT. She is a member of the Female Athlete Triad Coalition, and The Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine.

Protein contains essential amino acids that are important to preventing muscle atrophy and sustaining your energy levels. Luckily, there are plenty of foods that offer an abundance of protein to help you fuel your recovery:.

Combining lean protein, fresh fruits and vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats will properly fuel a healing body. Lean protein assists in rebuilding muscle, is more beneficial for your heart, and gives you the energy you need to heal.

First, smoothies are an optimal option for alleviating constipation and nausea that often follow surgery. Additionally, they can serve as a nutritional powerhouse, making it easy to pack the prebiotics and probiotics you may need. Some other great smoothie ingredients for injury recovery include:.

Mix in as many healthy ingredients as possible for a meal replacement to help you recover. You must consume protein and amino acids to maintain your muscle mass and avoid atrophy.

If you underwent surgery due to your injury, you might be dealing with side effects from the procedure. Common side effects include nausea, constipation, and a loss of healthy gut bacteria from post-surgical antibiotics.

Talk to your doctor about adopting a liquid diet for prebiotics or probiotics. However, some organic products that should be purchased when possible include strawberries, apples, nectarines, grapes, celery, spinach, and tomatoes.

These items are often grown using the most pesticides, which can easily be absorbed through the thin skins of these products. Organic farms typically use fewer pesticides, so purchasing these items will reduce your risk of putting harmful materials into your body when trying to heal.

When you eat sugar, your body must borrow vital nutrients from healthy cells to break down the food. Calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium are taken from various parts of the body to make use of sugar. When recovering from injury, you need these vital minerals and nutrients to expedite the healing process and shorten your recovery, rather than wasting them on digesting unhealthy foods.

Nutrition and injury recovery go hand in hand. Your body uses everything you put into it — for good or bad. Next time you eat, think about how your body will use it as fuel and its impact on you. Keeping this in mind will help you make healthier choices, and it will help you to recover from illness or injury as quickly as possible.

With the proper diet and recovery plan, you can get back to your life and reclaim your health. In addition to diet, you can benefit from physical therapy to help you regain movement and combat muscle loss. To learn more or make an appointment, give us a call to find a location near you. Schedule an appointment with one of our expert physical therapists today.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email. By Michelle Bogert, PT, DPT Paradise Valley Location Many people think about injury recovery and immediately imagine physical therapy sessions and rehabilitation routines.

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